George Orwell composed six novels—Burmese Days, A Clergyman’s Daughter, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Coming Up for Air, Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Most of these were semi-autobiographical: Burmese Days was inspired by his period working as an imperial policeman and is fictionalized; Down and Out in Paris and London records his experiences tramping and teaching in those two cities; The Road to Wigan Pier is initially a study of poverty in the north of England, but ends with an extended biographical essay of Orwell’s experiences with poverty; and Homage to Catalonia recounts his experiences volunteering to fight fascism in anarchist Catalonia during the Spanish Civil War.
- Down and Out in Paris and London. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd., 9 January 1933.
- Burmese Days. First published by Harper & Brothers (New York) on 25 October 1934. First British edition published by Gollancz on 24 June 1935.
- A Clergyman’s Daughter. London: Gollancz, 11 March 1935.
- Keep the Aspidistra Flying. London: Gollancz, 20 April 1936.
- The Road to Wigan Pier. Left Book Club edition in late February 1937 and Gollancz edition for general public on 8 March 1937.
- Homage to Catalonia. London: Secker and Warburg, 25 April 1938.
- Coming Up for Air. London: Gollancz, 12 June 1939.
- Animal Farm. London: Secker and Warburg, 17 August 1945.
- Nineteen Eighty-Four. London: Secker and Warburg, 8 June 1949.
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Source for publication data:
Fenwick, Gillian. George Orwell: A Bibliography. Winchester, UK: St Paul’s Biographies, 1998.