This novel titled Nineteen Eighty four, published in the year 1949 by George Orwell, an author from England is a novel about the dangers of a totalitarian society. His description in this novel is both impressing and captivating to his peers back in the 1940s and even to modern day readers of this Novel. A lot of the language used in this book such as the Thought Police, the torture chamber in the novel called Room 101 in the prison called Ministry of Love, the powerful government of the state nicknamed “Big Brother” etc. has filtered into our common everyday usage in a way only a few books have been able to achieve.
This is a futuristic novel that centers around three totalitarian states; Eastasia, Oceania, and Eurasia that are always at war with each other. It focuses on a man who lives in London, Winston Smith, a London that has been pulverized as a result of a Nuclear war that took place after the second world war. He is a man that seeks the truth and supports decency in Oceania. This led him into a point where he began to rebel against the Government of Oceania secretly; a government that has manipulated its citizen into blind loyalty, total submission to the state which they call the Big Brother and intense hatred for Eurasia. During his rebellion, he met a woman who shared the same ideologies as him and became his partner in breaking various rules set by the State. They believed that they had violated the rules without perceived consequences when unknown to them, they were being watched closely. He joins the Brotherhood in their rebellion against the Government and his eventual encounter with O’Brien a government spy who he thought was a member of the Brotherhood led to his eventual capture and imprisonment. Orwell then gave an account about his grueling experience in prison where he was not only tortured in a bid to make him submit but to break every fiber of his being and eliminated any future thoughts of rebellion that could come to his mind.
The happenings as depicted in Nineteen Eighty-Four is still as valid as the time when the novel was first written. It describes a society that discourages independent thinking, where daring to go against the norm is punished severely, where the agenda of the party supersedes the interest of the people, where surveillance and witch-hunting is the order of the day, a society where the government is not accountable to its citizens. Smith embodies what the civilized life is supposed to be and his downfall, a cruel reminder of the fate of such values in the face of powerful corrupt governments.