Posts Tagged ‘ Francisco Franco ’

Arthur Koestler interviewed about his friend George Orwell

Arthur Koestler interviewed about his friend George Orwell

Arthur Koestler (1905-83), novelist, journalist, critic and philosopher, had covered the Spanish Civil War for the News Chronicle between 1936 and 1937, and was imprisoned by General Franco. After his release he served in the French Foreign Legion for a year and then the British Pioneer Corps when he first met Orwell. He had...
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Through a Glass, Rosily

Through a Glass, Rosily

Tribune, 23 November 1945 The recent article by Tribune’s Vienna correspondent provoked a spate of angry letters which, besides calling him a fool and a liar and making other charges of what one might call a routine nature, also carried the very serious implication that he ought to have kept silent even if he...
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Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (P.O.U.M.)

POUM poster from the Spanish Civil War

The Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification (Spanish: Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista, POUM) was a Spanish communist political party formed during the Second Republic and mainly active around the Spanish Civil War. It was formed by the fusion of the Trotskyist Communist Left of Spain (Izquierda Comunista de España, ICE) and the Workers and Peasants’ Bloc (BOC, affiliated with the Right Opposition) against the will of Leon Trotsky, with whom the...
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Letter to the Reverend Iorwerth Jones (April 1941)

Letter to the Reverend Iorwerth Jones (April 1941)

111 Langford Court Abbey Road London NWS 8 April 1941 Dear Mr Jones, Many thanks for your letter.1 Perhaps in one or two cases I expressed myself rather ambiguously and can make things clearer by answering some of your queries. 1. “The U.S.A. will need a year to mobilize its resources even if Big...
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The Crystal Spirit

The Crystal Spirit

In the opening pages of George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia (1938) he describes meeting an Italian militiaman in Barcelona in December 1936 when he joined the fight against Franco during the Spanish Civil War. Orwell added more details (and a poem) to the story of that meeting in his 1942 essay Looking Back on...
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My Country Right or Left

My Country Right or Left

Folios of New Writing, No. 2, Autumn 1940 Contrary to popular belief, the past was not more eventful than the present. If it seems so it is because when you look backward things that happened years apart are telescoped together, and because very few of your memories come to you genuinely virgin. It is...
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Publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four on 8 June 1949

Publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four on 8 June 1949

Nineteen Eighty-Four was published by Secker & Warburg on 8 June 1949. It was published five days later by Harcourt, Brace and Company in New York. Secker & Warburg printed 26,575 copies for the first edition; a second impression, of 5,570 copies, was issued in March 1950, and a third impression, of 5,150 copies,...
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“Three parties that mattered” – An extract from Homage to Catalonia

“Three parties that mattered” – An extract from Homage to Catalonia

Extract from George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia (1938). From the point of view of political theory there were only three parties that mattered, the P.S.U.C., the P.O.U.M., and the C.N.T.–F.A.I., loosely described as the Anarchists. I take the P.S.U.C. first, as being the most important; it was the party that finally triumphed, and even...
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Letter from England to Partisan Review (March-April 1943)

Letter from England to Partisan Review (March-April 1943)

Partisan Review, March-April 1943. Completed by Orwell on 3 January 1943. Dear Editors, It is just on two years since I wrote you my first letter. I wrote that one to the tune of A.A. guns, when we were in desperate straits and also on what appeared to be the edge of rapid political advance....
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London Letter to Partisan Review (November-December 1941)

London Letter to Partisan Review (November-December 1941)

Partisan Review, November-December 1941. Completed by Orwell on 17 August 1941. Dear Editors, You asked me to send you another London letter, and though you left me free to choose what I should write about you added that your readers might be interested to hear some more about the Home Guard. I will give...
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